Most ovarian cysts go away on their own and never cause problems, but cysts that rupture, twist, or become cancerous are serious medical concerns. Adam Shoman, MD, FACOG, and Azer Alizade, MD, FACOG diagnoses and treats ovarian cysts at Elite OBGYN in Hackensack, New Jersey. To find out if you have an ovarian cyst, call or book an appointment online.
Ovarian cysts are small sacs filled with fluid or other tissue that grow on an ovary. Most women develop at least one ovarian cyst throughout their lifetime.
Usually, cysts are noncancerous and resolve without treatment, but in rare cases, a cyst may become ovarian cancer.
There are several types of ovarian cysts, including:
The most common type is called functional cysts, which develop during your menstrual cycle. Functional cysts usually don’t cause any symptoms and go away on their own within six to eight weeks.
This type contains different tissues from the human body, such as hair, skin, and teeth. Teratomas may be present at birth and then grow during your reproductive years. In some cases, teratomas may be cancerous.
These cysts are usually noncancerous but can grow very large, causing the ovary to shift out of place. This may cause your ovary to twist, which can be painful.
These cysts develop as a result of the disease endometriosis. When the tissue that normally grows inside your uterus develops on your ovary, it may cause an endometrioma.
Most cysts are small and don’t cause symptoms. Cysts that grow large, rupture, or cause your ovaries to twist may cause the following symptoms:
If a cyst ruptures, it may cause intense, sharp pelvic pain. You should seek medical care right away if you experience this type of pain.
To diagnose an ovarian cyst, Dr. Shoman first reviews your symptoms and medical history and performs a physical and pelvic exam. If he suspects ovarian cysts, he may take an ultrasound imaging test or blood tests.
Depending on your specific condition, Dr. Shoman may recommend watchful waiting to see if the cyst goes away on its own. If the cyst continues to grow or cause symptoms, he may recommend surgery to remove them.
Dr. Shoman is an expert in minimally invasive gynecologic procedures, such as laparoscopy. For the highest quality treatment of ovarian cysts, call or book an appointment online today.